วันอาทิตย์ที่ 6 มีนาคม พ.ศ. 2554

Growing Indoor Palm Plants

Indoor palm plants are popular plants for sprucing up homes and offices. They bring a tropical environment indoors and shelter plants from outdoor cold temperatures where they couldn’t survive in colder climates. Caring for indoor palms is specific for each particular palm but isn’t difficult. 

Although indoor palm plants do need some extra care and maintenance not needed by many other types of house plants, many indoor palm caretakers consider their indoor plants well worth any extra care they may need.

Parlor Palm

Identification and Size of Indoor Plants

Most of the popular indoor palms are those that grow extremely upright as space is limited when palms are grown indoors. Indoor palms have leaves known as fronds that are shaped as fans, feathers or triangles. While the fantail palm is fan shaped, the indoor palm known as the fishtail palm is triangular shaped, resembling a fish’s tail fin. The areca palm is feather shaped.

 

Advantages of Indoor Palm Trees

Indoor palms are plants that offer exotic beauty from their textured foliage. Besides filling up empty spaces with the beauty of the tropics, indoor palm plants have health benefits. Indoor palms are one of the best plants for purifying air. By adding moisture to air they furnish ideal oxygenation in helping to remove toxins to an office or home.



Types of Indoor Palm Trees

According to Jungle Music.net, the best indoor palms are Lady Palm, Kentia Palm and Bamboo Palm.
  • Lady Palms are fan shaped, multi-stemmed and easy to grow when provide with good quality water. They have shiny large leaves with blunt tips.
  • The Bamboo Palm is a tall plant with long arching leaves that grow upright in clusters. Its narrow rate of growth makes it ideal as an indoor palm.
  • The Kentia Palm has drooping dark green fronds and grows slowly. Its exceptional tolerance and adaptability to indoor conditions make it an excellent house palm.
  • The Bamboo Palm is a tall plant with long arching leaves that grow upright in clusters. Its narrow growth rate makes it ideal as an indoor palm.


Pests and Other Problems

Spider mites can be a problem with indoor plants due to warm temperatures and low humidity. Mealybugs and scale insects are other pests that bother palms.
Too much iron in a fertilizer can cause spotting on foliage and leaf tips to turn brown and then die. Leaf browning, which is caused by insufficient water or dry air, is another common indoor palm problem.

Indoor Palm Tree Considerations

Indoor palm plants need to have salt rinsed from their soil. Rinse a house plant palm about every three to four months. Soil should be allowed enough time to dry out completely before watering the palm again.
Although palm trees require bright light, the light shouldn’t be direct as this can cause burning of a palm tree. They shouldn’t be positioned in front of sunny windows.

Indoor Plant Cautions

Pet owners shouldn’t have the Fishtail palm as an indoor plant as has toxic parts with the roots which are especially poisonous.
Indoor palms need soil to be moist, but not soggy and shouldn’t be overly watered or under watered. They need less water in winter and more moisture during the growing season.







Resources:

Jungle Music: Palms as House Plants (date accessed 5/5/2010).



Thank you credit by http://www.suite101.com/content/growing-indoor-palm-plants-a236378 and pictures by Internet web site.

How to grow Palm trees successfully

If you live in a cold climate you’ve probably already written off palms as a plant that won’t grow in your garden – and you would be partly right.
Most palms are tropical and can’t exist in temperatures less than 15° C (59° F) but there are many cool climate palms that colder areas 
can grow quite successfully. Dwarf Sugar Palm – can grow at temperatures of less than -6° C (21° F) and reach heights of nearly 5m (15ft). Also the more common, and much larger, Bismarck Palm can grow within the same climate while the Chinese Windmill Palmshouldn’t be grown at all in warmer climates.
While these are only a few of the cool climate palms available to gardeners, there are more comprehensive lists available, tropical palms have a beauty and majesty all their own.
The fabulous Kentia Palm is one example. TheGolden Cane Palm, Parlour Palm and the gorgeous Raphia Palm are some of the many others.
So, while we can all grow grow palms the question we need to ask is do we want to? I’ve been a major cynic of palms in the garden for quite a few years mainly because they have become the tree of choice here in Australia for landscaping new subdivisions. It seems every second home has littered their garden with fast-growing Bangalow Palms. Why? Very little maintenance is required. They don’t drop leaves and they don’t take much to keep looking good.
One day a friend inspired me with his plans to create a tropical rainforest garden in Perth, Western Australia. I cynically assumed he was off his rocker but after some investigation found that not only was it possible but I could also create a similar design to my garden in Busselton (250km south of Perth).

Caring for your palm

Palms don’t require pruning but the removal of spent fronds will help keep them looking neat and tidy. Some palms send up suckers which will need to be cut out at base level but apart from sustaining them with a moderate weekly watering they don’t need much else.
Palms naturally crave iron, magnesium, manganese and potassium so finding a fertiliser that contains higher levels of these nutrients will be helpful.
You can transplant palms and this is best done during their growing season (early spring) and provided that most of the rootball can be kept intact. Transplant your palm into a whole twice the size of the rootball and water copiously for the first month or so. Then resume normal watering and apply some fertiliser.
To keep your palm warm in winter wrap the trunk with bubble-wrap and mulch it well or wrap plastic sheeting over its drip line.

Growing palms from seed

Palms can be grown quite successfully from seed but palm seeds have a long gestation period. Kentia’s for example can take between 2-3 years before sending up shoots. To aid their success, remove the fleshy coverings and soak the seed in tepid water for at least 24 hours. Discard any that are still floating after this period and plant the ones that have sunk to the bottom. Plant them in a good seed-raising mix and keep warm in a greenhouse or on a window sill.


Credit info to http://www.gardeningtipsnideas.com/2007/01/how_to_grow_palm_trees_successfully.html and Thank you pcitures by internet.